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WHAT IS A SPORT INJURY?

Whether you are eager to boost your fitness, play competitively, or simply increase your general wellbeing, there are many good reasons to take part in sports. While the benefits of any form of exercise should outweigh the risk, at some point most people will experience an injury of some kind, ranging form minor strains and sprains to more serious injuries, such as dislocations and fractures.





Sports injury is any form of stress placed upon your body during athletic activity that prevents it form functioning to the full, and which requires a period of recovery to allow your body to heal. It usually affects your musculoskeletal system - your bones, muscles, tendons and cartilage - and often results in pain, swelling, tenderness, and the inability to use, or place weight on, the affected area.


Sports injuries can be divided in two types;


"Acute or Traumatic" injuries, which occur as the result of a specific impact or traumatic event; include Bone fractures, Tendon strains, Ligament sprains and Bruising. They are common among players of collision or contact sports, such as Football, Soccer, and Ice Hockey.


"Chronic" or "Overuse" injuries., which result from wear and tear on the body and occur over an extended period of time include Tendinopathy, Bursitis, and Stress

fractures. They are more common among participants in endurance sports, such as Long-distance running and in people who play individual sports involving repetitive movements, such as Swimming, Tennis, Gymnastic, and Weight lifting.


MOST COMMON CAUSES OF INJURY

  • Failure to Warm up : resulting in your muscles being less responsive and prone to strain.

  • Overtraining : which increases the risk of chronic injury by putting continuous pressure on your body.

  • Excessive loading on the body: which applies forces to your tissues for which they are unprepared.

  • Not taking safety precautions : or ignoring the rules of a sports activity, increasing the risk of an accident.

  • An Accident : often the result of an impact or collision; and usually occurring suddenly.

  • Inappropriate Equipment : so your body may not be adequately supported or protected form shock.

  • Poor Exercise Technique : leading to overloading on body tissues - especially, if carried out repeatedly.

  • Recurring Injury : which cab weaken your body and make it more susceptible to other injuries.

  • Genetic factors : which are intrinsic (belonging to you) and influence the shape and structure of your joints.

  • Muscles Weakness or Imbalance : which can lead to a loss of strength in your body.

  • Lack of Flexibility : which will decrease your range of motion and limit some of your body's capabilities.

  • Joint Laxity : (a condition which, if you have it, you should already be aware of). which can make it difficult for you to control and stabilize your joints.

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